Your COVID-19 primer for Tuesday, March 31
Oregon, by the numbers
Editor's Note: The statistics from the Oregon Health Authority have not yet been updated for Tuesday, March 31. This story will be revised with new information when it is available.
As of Monday, March 30, COVID-19 has claimed three more lives in Oregon, raising the state's death toll to 16. The new deaths include two 91-year-old men in Yamhill and Linn counties, and an 80-year-old man in Clackamas County. All three had underlying medical conditions that contributed to their deaths.
Also on Monday, The Oregon Health Authority reported 58 new confirmed cases of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, bringing the state total to 606.
The new COVID-19 cases include 14 each in Marion and Washington counties; nine in Multnomah County; four each in Douglas and Josephine county; two each in Deschutes, Lane, Polk and Wasco counties; and one each in Benton, Clackamas, Jackson, Tillamook and Yamhill counties.
Oregon Health Authority reports new cases once a day at the Health Authority website.
The United States, by the numbers
Editor's Note: The statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have not yet been updated for Tuesday, March 31.
As of Monday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report a total of 140,904 confirmed cases in the United States. That's up sharply overnight from Sunday's total of 122,653.
The CDC reports a total of 2,405 deaths as of Monday. That's up from 2,112 reported on Sunday.
Readers can track the daily spread of the disease here.
On March 23, Gov. Kate Brown issued a stay-at-home rule across the state, and listed non-essential businesses that must be closed.
Failure to observe the rules on gatherings could result in a Class C Misdemeanor. Locally, Portland Police have announced how they plan to enforce the rules.
What do we know about COVID-19?
It's a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person.
The name COVID-19 stems from the disease's origin: (CO)rona(VI)rus (D)isease that first emerged in 20(19).
The virus causing COVID-19 is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold. Find out more at the CDC website.
How is it spread?
The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another — "close" meaning within about 6 feet — through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. (It also may be possible that people can get it by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.) Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses at this site.
What are the symptoms?
Most patients with COVID-19 have had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, a cough and shortness of breath. In the more severe cases, some patients have pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and, in some cases, death.
How can I help protect myself?
Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
What should you do if you're sick?
Stay home when you are sick. Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. And clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
What should I do if I recently traveled from an area with ongoing spread of COVID-19?
If you have traveled from an affected area, there may be restrictions on your movements for up to two weeks. If you develop symptoms during that period — such as a fever, cough or trouble breathing — seek medical advice. Call your health care provider before you go, and explain about your travel and your symptoms. Your health care provider will give you instructions on how to get care without exposing other people to your illness. While sick, avoid contact with people, don't go out and delay any travel to reduce the possibility of spreading illness to others.
Is there a vaccine?
Just like the common cold, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19. The best way to prevent infection is to take everyday preventive actions, like avoiding close contact with people who are sick and washing your hands often.
Is there a treatment?
There is no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 can seek medical care to help relieve symptoms. Call your doctor first before going it, to avoid exposing others.
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